Athens Brain & Spine offers many procedures and treatments to patients. Treatments for cranial and spinal conditions are as varied as the conditions themselves. We may provide either surgical or non-surgical care, depending upon the nature of the injury or illness. Taking a moment to familiarise yourself with the procedure or treatment you’ll be undergoing can only help in the long run. Even a cursory knowledge will help you feel more comfortable and confident in your choices and the choices of your physician.

Athens Brain & Spine seeks to provide clear, understandable, non-technical information about the medical conditions that usually require brain surgery. We firmly believe in patient education so that you are well informed about the techniques and skills needed for successful surgery on the brain. We desire for you to understand you or your loved one’s medical condition and also help you ask the most appropriate questions of the brain surgeon(s) and other healthcare professionals involved in your care.

Below is a list of treatments and procedures for the brain. This list is not meant to be a complete list but rather cover the most common types for brain treatments and procedures.

Your peripheral nerves link your brain and spinal cord to the other parts of your body, such as your muscles and skin. Peripheral nerves are fragile and easily damaged. A nerve injury can interfere with your brain's ability to communicate with your muscles and organs.

If you feel tingling or numbness in your leg, arm, shoulder or hand, you may have injured one or more nerves when you had an accident or broke a bone. You may also experience numbness or tingling if a nerve is being compressed due to factors such as a narrow passageway, tumor or other diseases.

Tumors of almost any type can form along peripheral nerves. Most commonly, these are entirely benign tumors that do not metastasize to other parts of the body. Generally slow growing, these tumors can form within the substance of the nerve itself, and cause the nerve to gradually expand. Untreated nerve tumors begin to compress the adjacent nerve fibers, causing nerve dysfunction. Patients may experience pain, numbness, and/or weakness in the distribution of the affected peripheral nerve.

What is a neoplasm? In short, it’s another term for cancer. The term neoplasm refers to an abnormal growth of tissue caused by the rapid division of cells that have undergone some form of mutation. The body is made up of trillions of cells that grow, divide, and die in an orderly fashion. This process is a tightly regulated one that is controlled by the DNA machinery within the cell. When a person is growing up, the cells of the body rapidly divide, but once adulthood is reached, cells generally only divide to replace worn-out, dying cells or to repair injured cells.

Degenerative Disc Disease

Degenerative disc disease is not really a disease but a term used to describe the normal changes in your spinal discs as you age. Spinal discs are soft, compressible discs that separate the interlocking bones (vertebrae) that make up the spine. The discs act as shock absorbers for the spine, allowing it to flex, bend, and twist. Degenerative disc disease can take place throughout the spine, but it most often occurs in the discs in the lower back (lumbar region) and the neck (cervical region).

Vascular diseases affect the veins and arteries that carry blood around the body. Many different conditions can affect the veins and arteries that deliver blood to the brain and spinal cord. This includes diseases such as a stroke, an aneurysm, or vascular dementia. It can be difficult to make a vascular disease diagnosis since there are a variety of symptoms that a person can have.

The central nervous system (CNS) is composed of the brain, the spinal cord, and the spinal fluid which coats the brain and spinal column. There are many different types of CNS tumors. Some are cancerous and very likely to grow and spread. These are often called very aggressive or high grade. Other types are less aggressive, often called low grade, and others are noncancerous and are not likely to grow and spread.